HackerRank içerisinde bulunan “Balanced Brackets” sorusunun açıklaması ve çözümü. Bu soruda size verilen string’in, parantez, köşeli parantez ve süslü parantezler açısından, dengeli bir string (doğru şekilde açılan parantezin doğru şekilde kapanması) olup olmadığı soruluyor.

► HackerRank – Balanced Brackets: https://www.hackerrank.com/challenges/balanced-brackets/problem

► Problem açıklaması:

A bracket is considered to be any one of the following characters: (, ), {, }, [, or ].

Two brackets are considered to be a matched pair if the an opening bracket (i.e., (, [, or {) occurs to the left of a closing bracket (i.e., ), ], or }) of the exact same type. There are three types of matched pairs of brackets: [], {}, and ().

A matching pair of brackets is not balanced if the set of brackets it encloses are not matched. For example, {[(])} is not balanced because the contents in between { and } are not balanced. The pair of square brackets encloses a single, unbalanced opening bracket, (, and the pair of parentheses encloses a single, unbalanced closing square bracket, ].

By this logic, we say a sequence of brackets is balanced if the following conditions are met:

► It contains no unmatched brackets.

► The subset of brackets enclosed within the confines of a matched pair of brackets is also a matched pair of brackets.

Given n strings of brackets, determine whether each sequence of brackets is balanced. If a string is balanced, return YES. Otherwise, return NO.

Function Description

Complete the function isBalanced in the editor below. It must return a string: YES if the sequence is balanced or NO if it is not.

isBalanced has the following parameter(s):

s: a string of brackets

Input Format

The first line contains a single integer , the number of strings. Each of the next lines contains a single string , a sequence of brackets.

For each string, return YES or NO.

Sample Input

3

{[()]}

{[(])}

{{[[(())]]}}

Sample Output

YES

NO

YES

Explanation

1. The string {[()]} meets both criteria for being a balanced string, so we print YES on a new line.

2. The string {[(])} is not balanced because the brackets enclosed by the matched pair { and } are not balanced: [(]).

3. The string {{[[(())]]}} meets both criteria for being a balanced string, so we print YES on a new line.