LeetCode içerisinde bulunan “Boats to Save People” sorusunun açıklaması ve çözümü. Her bir bot aynı anda en fazla 2 kişiyi taşıma koşulu ile, kişilerin ağırlığı ve her bir botun taşıma kapasitesi verildiği taktirde, tüm kişileri taşımak için en az kaç bota ihtiyacınız olduğu soruluyor.

► LeetCode 881. Boats to Save People: https://leetcode.com/problems/boats-to-save-people/

► Problem açıklaması:

The i-th person has weight people[i], and each boat can carry a maximum weight of limit.

Each boat carries at most 2 people at the same time, provided the sum of the weight of those people is at most limit.

Return the minimum number of boats to carry every given person. (It is guaranteed each person can be carried by a boat.)

Example 1:

Input: people = [1,2], limit = 3

Output: 1

Explanation: 1 boat (1, 2)

Example 2:

Input: people = [3,2,2,1], limit = 3

Output: 3

Explanation: 3 boats (1, 2), (2) and (3)

Example 3:

Input: people = [3,5,3,4], limit = 5

Output: 4

Explanation: 4 boats (3), (3), (4), (5)

Note:

1 <= people.length <= 50000

1 <= people[i] <= limit <= 30000